AUSC HISTORY

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History of African Union Students’ Council creation and Africa as Origin of Modern Humanity

1. African Union Students’ Council (AUSC) Creation History

The AUSC was founded on January 1st, 2016, in Paje Beach in the Eastern-South Region of the Zanzibar.
The African Union Students‟ Council(AUSC) “ For The Better Africa We Deserve” was Founded on January 1st, 2016, during the 5th International Development Students Society (IDSS)‟s International Students Camp, at the PAJE Beach in the Eastern-South Region of the Zanzibar Island, of the United Republic of Tanzania, in the Indian Ocean, East Africa, for the main purpose to have Full inclusion and participation of the Students Voice in the African Union Leadership and Development Decision Makings, and make together a better Leadership and Development of our African Continent basing on not only Old people Leaders’ minds but also basing on its proper Youth and Students empowered Leaders to maintain the hope for a strong Africa of our next Generations which will live a Non Corruption Leadership, independently to the Western Countries ,and Other Individual Developed Countries Worldwide.
The list of the African Union Students Council International Transitional Committee Members 2016-2019 is made of the students leaders who fulfilled the Inclusion criteria and consented to work for the African Union Students’ Council as Volunteers for free until the organization will set the way to sustain its self according to the three set possibilities to work with current African Union Commission Leadership. The Transitional committee has a very wide and strong way of information gathering from any of the existing African countries Universities and Secondary to primary schools. The Transitional committee has set the way of Representation of different Affairs concerning the Non Students worldwide known organizations to solve the issues of poor live information delivered to the concerned Organizations according to what the Africa needs today. The way to begin a working African Students Body of the African Union, the African Union Students’ Council was fixed and given a determination of existence and live for benefits of all the African Students and next generations. Our will is focusing to have the African union taking in full responsibilities the African Unions Students’ Council and give the council its freedom of speech and expression within the African Union Daily Leadership and development Decision Makings.

Reviewed: AUSC President's Office Recommended Reading:

African Union Students' Council (AUSC)"For The Better Africa We Deserve"

AUSC President's Office.

Kigali-Rwanda-East African Region.


February 2nd,2017.

Subject: Announcement for Awareness raising for the AUSC Divisions .

Dear all AUSC Leaders ,Members ,Advisors, friends 

,

The Office of the President of the African Union Students' Council (AUSC)"For The Better Africa We Deserve " has been working for reaching all the corners of the Globe to reach the African Academicians and professional energetic and dynamic youth in Africa and African Diaspora .


Therefore,has successfully managed to be extended into big AUSC Divisions:


This means that our AUSC Family here is a property of all willing African and African rooted people young and old generations to be included inside the AUSC specified Divisions according to own wills .

Those divisions are mentioned as  :

1)AUSC-Economic Sciences Division ,which has emerged The African Students' International Development Fund(ASIDF),soon to raise the African Students' International Development Bank( ASIDB ).

While there are more  divisions which are:

2)AUSC-Political Sciences Division ,which has emerged the African Students' International Critical Thinkers Board (ASICTB)

3)AUSC-Social Sciences Division, which has developed the African Students' International Newsletters and Media Board(ASINMB) with a special initial Newsletter Named "THE AUSC ALIVE" the Newsletter which is soon going to be available online with its appropriate website for daily producing voices of African Students and professional Youth from Africa and Diaspora ,also including the AUSC Groups members opinions and Constructive chats and more current African and global news for effective media in this Division .

4)AUSC-Education Division ,which has emerged the International African Students' Education Loan Board(IASELB).

And more Etc.... In ways coming.

Thus,we are really saying much and non limited

Congratulations to each and every one who is contributing in this move in this continent of Africa trying to translate Digital thoughts into physical items and congratulations to the whole family of the African Union Students' Council (AUSC)"For The Better Africa We Deserve ".


Best regards .


Signed on February 2nd,2017.


H.e IRAGUHA BANDORA Yves,
AUSC President and Founder.

Kigali-Rwanda-East African Region.

Tel&WhatsApp:+250736196204

E-mail:ausc.president.office@gmail.com

Website:www.africanunionsc.org

2. History of Zanzibar Island

AUSC President and Founder has mentioned the reasons African Historical Trade Center of Slaves Zanzibar was the only worthy place where young Africans were to be inherited AUSC Leadership from. Zanzibar is a Tanzanian archipelago off the coast of East Africa currently  Island of the Indian Ocean of the United Republic of Tanzania one of its main islands, Unguja, familiarly called Zanzibar,Its Capital City  is Stone Town, which is a historical trade center with Swahili and Islamic influences. Its winding lanes present minarets, carved doorways and 19th-century landmarks such as the House of Wonders, a former sultan‟s palace. The northern villages Nungwi and Kendwa have wide beaches lined with hotels. In 1890, Zanzibar became a British protectorate. The death of one sultan and the succession of another of whom the British did not approve later led to the Anglo-Zanzibar War, also known as the shortest war in history. The islands gained independence from Britain in December 1963 as a constitutional monarchy.
People have lived in Zanzibar for 20,000 years. History proper starts when the islands became a base for traders voyaging between the African Great Lakes, the Arabian peninsula, and the Indian subcontinent. Unguja offered a protected and defensible harbor, so although the archipelago had few products of value, Omanis and Yemenis settled in what became Zanzibar City (Stone Town) as a convenient point from which to trade with towns on the Swahili Coast. They established garrisons on the islands and built the first mosques in the African Great Lakes.

During the Age of Exploration, the Portuguese Empire was the first European power to gain control of Zanzibar, and kept it for nearly 200 years. In 1698, Zanzibar fell under the control of the Sultanate of Oman, which developed an economy of trade and cash crops, with a ruling Arab elite and a Bantu general population. Plantations were developed to grow spices; hence, the moniker of the Spice Islands (a name also used of Dutch colony the Moluccas, now part of Indonesia). Another major trade good was ivory, the tusks of elephants that were killed on the Tanganyika mainland - a practice that is still in place to this day. The third pillar of the economy was slaves, which gave Zanzibar an important place in the Arab slave trade, the Indian Ocean equivalent of the better-known Triangular Trade. The Omani Sultan of Zanzibar controlled a substantial portion of the African Great Lakes coast, known as Zanj, as well as extensive inland trading routes.

Sometimes gradually, sometimes by fits and starts, control of Zanzibar came into the hands of the British Empire. Part of the political impetus for this was the movement for the abolition of the slave trade. In 1890, Zanzibar became a British protectorate. The death of one sultan and the succession of another of whom the British did not approve later led to the Anglo-Zanzibar War, also known as the shortest war in history.

The islands gained independence from Britain in December 1963 as a constitutional monarchy. A month later, the bloody Zanzibar Revolution, in which several thousand Arabs and Indians were killed and thousands more expelled and expropriated, led to the Republic of Zanzibar and Pemba. That April, the republic merged with the mainland Tanganyika, or more accurately, was subsumed into Tanzania, of which Zanzibar remains a semi-autonomous region. Zanzibar was most recently in the international news with a January 2001 massacre, following contested elections. Read More

3. History of Africa, Origin of Modern Humans

As for Africa, scientists have formerly concluded that it is the birthplace of mankind, as large numbers of
human-like fossils (discovered nowhere else) were found on the continent, some dating back 3.5 million
years. About 1.75 million years ago, early man spread throughout parts of Africa. They became aggressive hunters, lived in caves and used fire and their ability to create stone tools just to survive. The Neanderthals arose some 200,000 years ago and inhabited regions in northern Africa and across parts of southern Europe. There is also clear evidence that they had control of fire, lived in caves, as well as open air structures of stone and vegetation. One of the most important developments of primitive man was the creation of stone tools. By 5000 BC farming was somewhat common in the northern areas of Africa, as
people were growing crops and herding livestock. During that time the Sahara Desert was a fertile area.

4. Ancient African History

In 3200 BC the Egyptian culture emerged along the lower reaches of the Nile River; it was among the earliest civilizations and their tools and weapons were made of bronze. They also pioneered the building
of massive pyramids and temples. Egyptians also developed mathematics, an innovative system of medicine, irrigation and agricultural production techniques, writing and the first ships. In short, the Egyptians left a lasting legacy upon the world. Around 600 BC the use of metal tools spread across small population bases and farming groups in North Africa, and their use gradually spread south into what is now called South Africa. The Phoenicians were an enterprising maritime trading culture from Lebanon who spread across the Mediterranean from 1550 BC to 300 BC. In 814 BC, they founded the city of Carthage in what is now Tunisia in north Africa; only to be destroyed by the Romans in 146 BC. Meanwhile, the Egyptians continued to spread their culture across Northern Africa, and kingdoms were created in Ethiopia and Sudan. The then-growing Roman Empire continued to expand its influence, and in 30 BC Egypt became a province of Rome; Morocco the same in 42 AD. Before the Middle Ages began, the Roman Empire collapsed and the Arabs quickly took their place on the continent. In 698-700 they invaded Tunis and Carthage and soon controlled all of coastal North Africa. The Arabs were Muslims, and most of North Africa converted to Islam; Ethiopia was the exception. Soon kingdoms emerged in Africa; they traded with the Arabs using gold plus a valuable commodity – slaves. One of the first kingdoms was Ghana, located in what is now southeastern Mauritania and western Mali. The empire grew rich from the trans-Saharan trade in gold and salt, but then lost its power in the 11th century. Additional kingdoms developed across the continent, including those in Benin and Mali.Both became rich by trading in gold, horse salt, and of course, slaves. And like most kingdoms before them on any continent, they were invaded and in the end destroyed. Mogadishu, the now largest city in Somalia, was settled by Arabs who traveled and traded on the east coast of Africa. The Arabs’ reach extended to Zanzibar, which was used as a base for voyages between the Middle East and India. As other organized kingdoms were formed in central and southern Africa, the Portuguese began to explore the western coast of Africa. By 1445 they reached the Cape Verde Islands and the coast of Senegal, and the mouth of the River Congo in 1482. They even sailed around the Cape of Good Hope.

5. African Colonization and the Slave Trade

The continent-changing 16th Century began with Europeans transporting African slaves to the Americas for profit. A slave purchased on the African coast for the equivalent of 14 English pounds in bartered goods could sell for 45 pounds in the American market. The best-known method of commerce at the time was called the Triangular Trading System. It involved British and other European countries’ manufactured goods which were shipped to Africa, then slaves from there to the West Indies and then sugar and other products back to Europe. At the same time, Barbary pirates along the North African coast captured thousands of ships. From the 16th to 19th century, an estimated 800,000 to 1.25 million people were taken captive as slaves. The pirates’ impact on the continent, however, peaked in the early to mid- 17th century. As tales of African riches spread north, the Europeans founded their first real colonies in the early 16th century, when the Portuguese settled in what is now Angola. Later, the Dutch founded a colony in what is now South Africa. Strong movements to end slavery began in the late 18th century. France became one of the first countries to abolish slavery in 1794. Britain banned slave trade in 1807, but it was not officially abolished for good until 1848. In some parts of Africa, slave-like practices continue to this day and have proven difficult to eliminate. Wholesale colonization of Africa by European countries began in 1814 when the Britishsnatched the Dutch Colony of South Africa. Carved up like a large pie, the Brits, Dutch,French,Germans and Portuguese grabbed all of the available pieces. By the end of the 19th century, from Algeria to Zimbabwe, and from Botswana to Niger,the continent was now all but controlled by European powers. In the early 20th century the land grab continued as the British took control of Egypt. By 1920, the forced occupation of African lands began to sour in Europe, and change was in the wind. Africans were also driven by their passionate desire for independence and the movement for same became unstoppable. By mid-century most of the continent was independent, with Angola finally free in 1975.

Scramble for Africa:
The "Scramble for Africa" was the occupation, division, and colonisation of African territory by European powers during the period of New Imperialism, between 1881 and 1914. It is also called the Partition of Africa and by some, the Conquest of Africa. In 1870, only 10 percent of Africa was under European control; by 1914 it had increased to almost 90 percent of the continent, with only Ethiopia (Abyssinia), the Dervish state (present-day Somalia) and Liberia still being independent.

The Berlin Conference of 1884, which regulated European colonisation and trade in Africa, is usually referred to as the starting point of the scramble for Africa. Consequent to the political and economic rivalries among the European empires in the last quarter of the 19th century, the partitioning, or splitting up of Africa was how the Europeans avoided warring amongst themselves over Africa.The later years of the 19th century saw the transition from "informal imperialism" (hegemony), by military influence and economic dominance, to direct rule, bringing about colonial imperialism.
Read More.

6. Post-Colonial Africa

Self-government brought more than its share of civil wars, coup d’états and ethnic conflicts to the newly emerged countries. Add to that mix some horrible genocides, along with famines and out-of-control disease (HIV/AIDS), and Africa was teetering on the edge, and in many areas still does today. Although Africa remains the world’s poorest inhabited continent, there are many bright spots in this land of over
one billion people and its 2,000 + languages. Significant economic and social gains have taken place over the last few years, with South Africa,Nigeria,Moroccoand Egyptleading the way. The largest segments
of modern Africa’s economies are agriculture and mining, with tourism growing in some areas. Manufacturing industries have grown large enough to ship products across the planet, and the oil export
revenues of Angola,Libyaand Nigeria have the potential to change the lives of millions. Today the 54 countries of Africa have great potential, but this question must be asked: “Can it change soon enough to
meet the needs of its people?” We can only hope so.

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