Tuesday, October 29, 2019

Hear from Amazon Synod October 21st 2019 POPE Francis adds Death Penalty in the ROMAN CATHOLIC Catechism and In this Video Almost all POPEs from 4th to 266th present their right hand as Baphomet does below. (4th,6th,20,33,35,38,41,45,50,54,64,74,79,92,96,102,139,155,170,177,178,187,188,190,209,210,216,218,220,222,223,224,227,229,235,237,243,244,247,248,249,253,262,266,

Click HERE to watch In this Video Almost all POPEs from 4th to 266th present their right hand as Baphomet does below.

Dr Marshall asks Pope Francis: Are you a heretic? Do you worship idols?Sabbath MUST Be Kept Fully: From Sunset To Sunset, Then Preach Sabbath To The World,“Pachamama” has become the new Catholic insider “Who am I to judge?”

BEYOND AMAZON: Does Francis Believe Christ Was Divine?,Click HEREto listen how He dinies that Jesus Christ was Divine.

No Time for Milk. Pope Francis is a Jesuit? Come out of 501c3, Sodomy. Need to discern the Time:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HjQLQ81vA-M

RCC:Kanye may turn Catholic.Kimmel host Closed on Sunday.Trump Jr. praises #JesusIsKing.Gather Fruit:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jFe7we7FfQQ&t=607s

SDA Church Blasphemous HALLOWEEN Party. Desecrated The Lord' Prayer. A Cage of Unclean spirit & Bird:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BFaqlTv-4wg&t=401s

SDA Pioneers: Holy Spirit Third Person of The Godhead. Anti-Trinitarians Worship A False god:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IcTxlITWBrI&t=18s

12 - “The Sabbath and Sanctuary” - The Sanctuary Salvation & Our Savior:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_rFogfiKM9A

Hear from Amazon Synod October 21 POPE Francis adds Death Penalty in the ROMAN CATHOLIC Catechism

Dr Marshall asks Pope Francis: Are you a heretic? Do you worship idols?Sabbath MUST Be Kept Fully: From Sunset To Sunset, Then Preach Sabbath To The World,“Pachamama” has become the new Catholic insider “Who am I to judge?”












  • The Current Catholic Local Churches Leaders and their local members do not know where the ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH PAPACY the main leadership is taking their church members within Climate Change of Laudato SI' 237,With Satanic-Jesuits Plans,Please Get Out from ithttp://www.africanunionsc.org/2019/10/holy-bible-mentioned-roman-catholic.html
  • A heretical Pope – three options

    Dr Marshall asks Pope Francis: Are you a heretic? Do you worship idols?Sabbath MUST Be Kept Fully: From Sunset To Sunset, Then Preach Sabbath To The World,“Pachamama” has become the new Catholic insider “Who am I to judge?”

    Dr Marshall asks Pope Francis: Are you a heretic? Do you worship idols?Sabbath MUST Be Kept Fully: From Sunset To Sunset, Then Preach Sabbath To The World,“Pachamama” has become the new Catholic insider “Who am I to judge?”
    Pachamama
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    Amazon Final Document: Taylor Marshall and John-Henry Westen (LifeSite) review Amazon Synod
    PACHAMAMA by Don Peyote | Mixcloud,Very Soon the Earth which became Sodom and Gomorrah is going to be Destroyed(Catholic Church promoting Infanticide, Gay marriage, Abortion,Ecumenism, Satanic Idols and Common Good, International Sunday worship by Law,all kind of blasphemy and abominations)

    Dr Marshall asks Pope Francis: Are you a heretic? Do you worship idols?Sabbath MUST Be Kept Fully: From Sunset To Sunset, Then Preach Sabbath To The World,“Pachamama” has become the new Catholic insider “Who am I to judge?”

    Dr Marshall asks Pope Francis: Are you a heretic? Do you worship idols?Sabbath MUST Be Kept Fully: From Sunset To Sunset, Then Preach Sabbath To The World,“Pachamama” has become the new Catholic insider “Who am I to judge?”
    https://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.tourinperu.com%2Fwp-content%2Fuploads%2F2017%2F08%2FPachamama-Mother-Earth-August-2017-2018.png&imgrefurl=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.tourinperu.com%2Fblog%2Fpachamama-or-mother-earth-andean-culture&docid=xjbAMLi2LzqQiM&tbnid=NpddmtBKxxx9WM%3A&vet=12ahUKEwiw4d7TtMHlAhXResAKHa-4A8k4rAIQMygEMAR6BAgBEAY..i&w=747&h=376&bih=684&biw=1426&q=pachamama&ved=2ahUKEwiw4d7TtMHlAhXResAKHa-4A8k4rAIQMygEMAR6BAgBEAY&iact=mrc&uact=8
    Earth, Pachamama HD Wallpapers / Desktop and Mobile Images & Photos
    Earth, Pachamama HD Wallpapers / Desktop and Mobile Images & Photos

    https://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.welcomeargentina.com%2Fpaseos%2Fmuseo-pachamama%2Fmuseo-pachamama-amaicha-del-valle-3.jpg&imgrefurl=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.welcomeargentina.com%2Ftucuman%2Fpachamama-museum.html&docid=xmPLfW59MdZTtM&tbnid=-HKvKR08ubvy3M%3A&vet=12ahUKEwiw4d7TtMHlAhXResAKHa-4A8k4rAIQMygkMCR6BAgBECs..i&w=816&h=500&bih=684&biw=1426&q=pachamama&ved=2ahUKEwiw4d7TtMHlAhXResAKHa-4A8k4rAIQMygkMCR6BAgBECs&iact=mrc&uact=8

    https://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=https%3A%2F%2Flatinaish.files.wordpress.com%2F2014%2F04%2Fpachamama2.jpg%3Fw%3D584&imgrefurl=https%3A%2F%2Flatinaish.com%2F2014%2F04%2F22%2Fpachamama%2F&docid=yMqISjoMWXAi_M&tbnid=gfJioVbDzBh4iM%3A&vet=10ahUKEwilja_rosHlAhVJXhoKHWbGD7oQMwi6AShMMEw..i&w=584&h=343&bih=684&biw=1426&q=pachamama&ved=0ahUKEwilja_rosHlAhVJXhoKHWbGD7oQMwi6AShMMEw&iact=mrc&uact=8

    https://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=https%3A%2F%2Ff4.bcbits.com%2Fimg%2Fa1582186681_10.jpg&imgrefurl=https%3A%2F%2Fbeautifulchorus.bandcamp.com%2Ftrack%2Fpachamama-srikalogy-remix&docid=3g9GUmT30SEsiM&tbnid=rwOIPTbYXYJNZM%3A&vet=1&w=800&h=800&bih=684&biw=1426&ved=2ahUKEwi3iLeOsMHlAhUD8BQKHS1aDmgQxiAoC3oECAEQMg&iact=c&ictx=1

    https://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=https%3A%2F%2Fi0.wp.com%2Fwww.consciousfloyd.com%2Fwp-content%2Fuploads%2F2019%2F04%2FPachamama.jpg%3Fresize%3D283%252C366%26ssl%3D1&imgrefurl=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.consciousfloyd.com%2Ffrom-pachamama-to-shambala%2F&docid=y9TwQdYQAqvuLM&tbnid=OxDtVGv8oYkdMM%3A&vet=1&w=283&h=366&bih=684&biw=1426&ved=2ahUKEwi3iLeOsMHlAhUD8BQKHS1aDmgQxiAoBHoECAEQIQ&iact=c&ictx=1
    Pachamama art print

    Dr Marshall asks Pope Francis: Are you a heretic? Do you worship idols?Sabbath MUST Be Kept Fully: From Sunset To Sunset, Then Preach Sabbath To The World,“Pachamama” has become the new Catholic insider “Who am I to judge?”

    Baphomet: The 19th-century image of a Sabbatic Goat, created by Eliphas Levi. The arms bear the Latin words SOLVE (dissolve[1]) and COAGULA (clot/precipitate[2])

    In this Video Almost all POPEs from 4th to 266th present their right hand as Baphomet does below.

    (4th,6th,20,33,35,38,41,

    45,50,54,64,74,79,92,96,102,139,

    155,170,177,178,187,188,190,209

    ,210,216,218,220,222,223,224,227,

    229,235,237,243,244,247,248,249,253,262,266) 

    Baphomet (/ˈbæfmɛt/;[citation needed] from Medieval Latin Baphometh, Baffometi, Occitan Bafometz) is a deity that the Knights Templar were accused of worshipping and that subsequently was incorporated into disparate occult and mystical traditions. 

    AMAZON: Catholic World Rejects Globalist Synod (#IamCatholicMaccabees)

    12 steps to surviving as a Catholic family in a heretical wasteland - Bishop Schneider

    Repentance for the Amazon Synod in relation to the First Commandment

    Dr Marshall asks Pope Francis: Are you a heretic? Do you worship idols?Sabbath MUST Be Kept Fully: From Sunset To Sunset, Then Preach Sabbath To The World,“Pachamama” has become the new Catholic insider “Who am I to judge?”

    The name Baphomet appeared in trial transcripts for the Inquisition of the Knights Templar starting in 1307.[3] It first came into popular English usage in the 19th century during debate and speculation on the reasons for the suppression of the Templars.[4]
    Since 1856, the name Baphomet has been associated with a "Sabbatic Goat" image drawn by Eliphas Lévi[5] which contains binary elements representing the "sum total of the universe" (e.g. male and female, good and evil, on and off, etc.).[6] On one hand, Lévi's intention was to symbolize his concept of "the equilibrium of the opposites" that was essential to his magnetistic notion of the Astral Light; on the other hand, the Baphomet represents a tradition that should result in a perfect social order.[7]
    Baphomet, a demon(devil) supposedly worshiped by the Knights Templar
    A devil is the personification of evil as it is conceived in many and various cultures and religious traditions.[1] It is seen as the objectification of a hostile and destructive force.[2]
    It is difficult to specify a particular definition of any complexity that will cover all of the traditions, beyond that it is a manifestation of evil. It is meaningful to consider the devil through the lens of each of the cultures and religions that have the devil as part of their mythos.[3]
    The history of this concept intertwines with theology, mythology, psychiatry, art and literature, maintaining a validity, and developing independently within each of the traditions.[4] It occurs historically in many contexts and cultures, and is given many different names—Satan, Lucifer, Beelzebub, Mephistopheles—and attributes: It is portrayed as blue, black, or red; It is portrayed as having horns on its head, and without horns, and so on.[5][6] The idea of the devil has been taken seriously often, but not always, for example when devil figures are used in advertising and on candy wrappers.[3][7]

    Ezekiel 33:6 Context

    3If when he seeth the sword come upon the land, he blow the trumpet, and warn the people; 4Then whosoever heareth the sound of the trumpet, and taketh not warning; if the sword come, and take him away, his blood shall be upon his own head. 5He heard the sound of the trumpet, and took not warning; his blood shall be upon him. But he that taketh warning shall deliver his soul. 6But if the watchman see the sword come, and blow not the trumpet, and the people be not warned; if the sword come, and take any person from among them, he is taken away in his iniquity; but his blood will I require at the watchman's hand. 7So thou, O son of man, I have set thee a watchman unto the house of Israel; therefore thou shalt hear the word at my mouth, and warn them from me. 8When I say unto the wicked, O wicked man, thou shalt surely die; if thou dost not speak to warn the wicked from his way, that wicked man shall die in his iniquity; but his blood will I require at thine hand. 9Nevertheless, if thou warn the wicked of his way to turn from it; if he do not turn from his way, he shall die in his iniquity; but thou hast delivered thy soul.

    Revelation 13:8 Context

    5And there was given unto him a mouth speaking great things and blasphemies; and power was given unto him to continue forty and two months. 6And he opened his mouth in blasphemy against God, to blaspheme his name, and his tabernacle, and them that dwell in heaven. 7And it was given unto him to make war with the saints, and to overcome them: and power was given him over all kindreds, and tongues, and nations. 8And all that dwell upon the earth shall worship him, whose names are not written in the book of life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world. 9If any man have an ear, let him hear. 10He that leadeth into captivity shall go into captivity: he that killeth with the sword must be killed with the sword. Here is the patience and the faith of the saints. 11And I beheld another beast coming up out of the earth; and he had two horns like a lamb, and he spake as a dragon.

    Revelation 13:18 Context

    15And he had power to give life unto the image of the beast, that the image of the beast should both speak, and cause that as many as would not worship the image of the beast should be killed. 16And he causeth all, both small and great, rich and poor, free and bond, to receive a mark in their right hand, or in their foreheads: 17And that no man might buy or sell, save he that had the mark, or the name of the beast, or the number of his name. 18Here is wisdom. Let him that hath understanding count the number of the beast: for it is the number of a man; and his number is Six hundred threescore and six.(666)

    Revelation 14:9 Context

    6And I saw another angel fly in the midst of heaven, having the everlasting gospel to preach unto them that dwell on the earth, and to every nation, and kindred, and tongue, and people, 7Saying with a loud voice, Fear God, and give glory to him; for the hour of his judgment is come: and worship him that made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and the fountains of waters. 8And there followed another angel, saying, Babylon is fallen, is fallen, that great city, because she made all nations drink of the wine of the wrath of her fornication. 9And the third angel followed them, saying with a loud voice, If any man worship the beast and his image, and receive his mark in his forehead, or in his hand, 10The same shall drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is poured out without mixture into the cup of his indignation; and he shall be tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels, and in the presence of the Lamb: 11And the smoke of their torment ascendeth up for ever and ever: and they have no rest day nor night, who worship the beast and his image, and whosoever receiveth the mark of his name. 12Here is the patience of the saints: here are they that keep the commandments of God, and the faith of Jesus.

    Revelation 18:4 Context

    1And after these things I saw another angel come down from heaven, having great power; and the earth was lightened with his glory. 2And he cried mightily with a strong voice, saying, Babylon the great is fallen, is fallen, and is become the habitation of devils, and the hold of every foul spirit, and a cage of every unclean and hateful bird. 3For all nations have drunk of the wine of the wrath of her fornication, and the kings of the earth have committed fornication with her, and the merchants of the earth are waxed rich through the abundance of her delicacies. 4And I heard another voice from heaven, saying, Come out of her, my people, that ye be not partakers of her sins, and that ye receive not of her plagues. 5For her sins have reached unto heaven, and God hath remembered her iniquities. 6Reward her even as she rewarded you, and double unto her double according to her works: in the cup which she hath filled fill to her double. 7How much she hath glorified herself, and lived deliciously, so much torment and sorrow give her: for she saith in her heart, I sit a queen, and am no widow, and shall see no sorrow.

    Revelation 19:20 Context

    17And I saw an angel standing in the sun; and he cried with a loud voice, saying to all the fowls that fly in the midst of heaven, Come and gather yourselves together unto the supper of the great God; 18That ye may eat the flesh of kings, and the flesh of captains, and the flesh of mighty men, and the flesh of horses, and of them that sit on them, and the flesh of all men, both free and bond, both small and great. 19And I saw the beast, and the kings of the earth, and their armies, gathered together to make war against him that sat on the horse, and against his army. 20And the beast was taken, and with him the false prophet that wrought miracles before him, with which he deceived them that had received the mark of the beast, and them that worshipped his image. These both were cast alive into a lake of fire burning with brimstone. 21And the remnant were slain with the sword of him that sat upon the horse, which sword proceeded out of his mouth: and all the fowls were filled with their flesh.
    Revelation 19:1-21
    1.And after these things I heard a great voice of much people in heaven, saying, Alleluia; Salvation, and glory, and honour, and power, unto the Lord our God:  2 For true and righteous are his judgments: for he hath judged the great whore, which did corrupt the earth with her fornication, and hath avenged the blood of his servants at her hand.  3 And again they said, Alleluia. And her smoke rose up for ever and ever.  4 And the four and twenty elders and the four beasts fell down and worshipped God that sat on the throne, saying, Amen; Alleluia.  5 And a voice came out of the throne, saying, Praise our God, all ye his servants, and ye that fear him, both small and great.  6 And I heard as it were the voice of a great multitude, and as the voice of many waters, and as the voice of mighty thunderings, saying, Alleluia: for the Lord God omnipotent reigneth.  7 Let us be glad and rejoice, and give honour to him: for the marriage of the Lamb is come, and his wife hath made herself ready.  8 And to her was granted that she should be arrayed in fine linen, clean and white: for the fine linen is the righteousness of saints.  9 And he saith unto me, Write, Blessed are they which are called unto the marriage supper of the Lamb. And he saith unto me, These are the true sayings of God.  10 And I fell at his feet to worship him. And he said unto me, See thou do it not: I am thy fellowservant, and of thy brethren that have the testimony of Jesus: worship God: for the testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy.  11 And I saw heaven opened, and behold a white horse; and he that sat upon him was called Faithful and True, and in righteousness he doth judge and make war.  12 His eyes were as a flame of fire, and on his head were many crowns; and he had a name written, that no man knew, but he himself.  13 And he was clothed with a vesture dipped in blood: and his name is called The Word of God.  14 And the armies which were in heaven followed him upon white horses, clothed in fine linen, white and clean.  15 And out of his mouth goeth a sharp sword, that with it he should smite the nations: and he shall rule them with a rod of iron: and he treadeth the winepress of the fierceness and wrath of Almighty God.  16 And he hath on his vesture and on his thigh a name written, KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS.  17 And I saw an angel standing in the sun; and he cried with a loud voice, saying to all the fowls that fly in the midst of heaven, Come and gather yourselves together unto the supper of the great God;  18 That ye may eat the flesh of kings, and the flesh of captains, and the flesh of mighty men, and the flesh of horses, and of them that sit on them, and the flesh of all men, both free and bond, both small and great.  19 And I saw the beast, and the kings of the earth, and their armies, gathered together to make war against him that sat on the horse, and against his army.  20 And the beast was taken, and with him the false prophet that wrought miracles before him, with which he deceived them that had received the mark of the beast, and them that worshipped his image. These both were cast alive into a lake of fire burning with brimstone.  21 And the remnant were slain with the sword of him that sat upon the horse, which sword proceeded out of his mouth: and all the fowls were filled with their flesh.

    Baphomet

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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    The 19th-century image of a Sabbatic Goat, created by Eliphas Levi. The arms bear the Latin words SOLVE (dissolve[1]) and COAGULA (clot/precipitate[2])
    The original goat pentagram first appeared in the book La Clef de la Magie Noire by French occultist Stanislas de Guaita, in 1897.
    Baphomet (/ˈbæfmɛt/;[citation needed] from Medieval Latin Baphometh, Baffometi, Occitan Bafometz) is a deity that the Knights Templar were accused of worshipping and that subsequently was incorporated into disparate occult and mystical traditions.
    The name Baphomet appeared in trial transcripts for the Inquisition of the Knights Templar starting in 1307.[3] It first came into popular English usage in the 19th century during debate and speculation on the reasons for the suppression of the Templars.[4]
    Since 1856, the name Baphomet has been associated with a "Sabbatic Goat" image drawn by Eliphas Lévi[5] which contains binary elements representing the "sum total of the universe" (e.g. male and female, good and evil, on and off, etc.).[6] On one hand, Lévi's intention was to symbolize his concept of "the equilibrium of the opposites" that was essential to his magnetistic notion of the Astral Light; on the other hand, the Baphomet represents a tradition that should result in a perfect social order.[7]

    History

    The name Baphomet appeared in July 1098 in a letter by the crusader Anselm of Ribemont:
    Sequenti die aurora apparente, altis vocibus Baphometh invocaverunt; et nos Deum nostrum in cordibus nostris deprecantes, impetum facientes in eos, de muris civitatis omnes expulimus.[8]
    As the next day dawned, they called loudly upon Baphometh; and we prayed silently in our hearts to God, then we attacked and forced all of them outside the city walls.[9]
    A chronicler of the First Crusade, Raymond of Aguilers, called the mosques Bafumarias.[10] The name Bafometz later appeared around 1195 in the Occitan poems "Senhors, per los nostres peccatz" by the troubadour Gavaudan.[11] Around 1250 a poem bewailing the defeat of the Seventh Crusade by Austorc d'Aorlhac refers to Bafomet.[12] De Bafomet is also the title of one of four surviving chapters of an Occitan translation of Ramon Llull's earliest known work, the Libre de la doctrina pueril.[13]
    Two Templars burned at the stake, from a French 15th century manuscript. British Library, London.
    When the medieval order of the Knights Templar was suppressed by King Philip IV of France, on Friday 13 October 1307, Philip had many French Templars simultaneously arrested, and then tortured into confessions. Over 100 different charges had been leveled against the Templars. Most of them were dubious, as they were the same charges that were leveled against the Cathars[14] and many of King Philip's enemies; he had earlier kidnapped Pope Boniface VIII and charged him with near identical offenses of heresy, spitting and urinating on the cross, and sodomy. Yet Malcolm Barber observes that historians "find it difficult to accept that an affair of such enormity rests upon total fabrication".[15] The "Chinon Parchment suggests that the Templars did indeed spit on the cross," says Sean Martin, and that these acts were intended to simulate the kind of humiliation and torture that a Crusader might be subjected to if captured by the Saracens, where they were taught how to commit apostasy "with the mind only and not with the heart".[16] Similarly, Michael Haag[17] suggests that the simulated worship of Baphomet did indeed form part of a Templar initiation ritual.
    The indictment (acte d'accusation) published by the court of Rome set forth ... "that in all the provinces they had idols, that is to say, heads, some of which had three faces, others but one; sometimes, it was a human skull ... That in their assemblies, and especially in their grand chapters, they worshipped the idol as a god, as their saviour, saying that this head could save them, that it bestowed on the order all its wealth, made the trees flower, and the plants of the earth to sprout forth."[3]
    The name Baphomet comes up in several of these confessions. Peter Partner states in his 1987 book The Knights Templar and their Myth, "In the trial of the Templars one of their main charges was their supposed worship of a heathen idol-head known as a 'Baphomet' ('Baphomet' = Mahomet)."[18] The description of the object changed from confession to confession. Some Templars denied any knowledge of it. Others, under torture, described it as being either a severed head, a cat, or a head with three faces.[19] The Templars did possess several silver-gilt heads as reliquaries,[20] including one marked capud lviiim,[21] another said to be St. Euphemia,[22] and possibly the actual head of Hugues de Payens.[23] The claims of an idol named Baphomet were unique to the Inquisition of the Templars.[24][25] Karen Ralls, author of the Knights Templar Encyclopedia, argues that it is significant that "no specific evidence [of Baphomet] appears in either the Templar Rule or in other medieval period Templar documents."[26]
    Gauserand de Montpesant, a knight of Provence, said that their superior showed him an idol made in the form of Baffomet; another, named Raymond Rubei, described it as a wooden head, on which the figure of Baphomet was painted, and adds, "that he worshipped it by kissing its feet, and exclaiming, 'Yalla,' which was," he says, "verbum Saracenorum," a word taken from the Saracens. A templar of Florence declared that, in the secret chapters of the order, one brother said to the other, showing the idol, "Adore this head—this head is your god and your Mahomet."[27][28][29][30]
    Modern scholars agree that the name of Baphomet was an Old French corruption of the name Muhammad, with the interpretation being that some of the Templars, through their long military occupation of the Outremer, had begun incorporating Islamic ideas into their belief system, and that this was seen and documented by the Inquisitors as heresy.[31] Alain Demurger, however, rejects the idea that the Templars could have adopted the doctrines of their enemies.[32] Helen Nicholson writes that the charges were essentially "manipulative"—the Templars "were accused of becoming fairy-tale Muslims."[32] Medieval Christians believed that Muslims were idolatrous and worshipped Muhammad as a god, with mahomet becoming mammet in English, meaning an idol or false god.[33] This idol-worship is attributed to Muslims in several chansons de geste. For example, one finds the gods Bafum e Travagan in a Provençal poem on the life of St. Honorat, completed in 1300.[34] In the Chanson de Simon Pouille, written before 1235, a Saracen idol is called Bafumetz.[35]

    Alternative etymologies


    Knights Templar Seal representing the Gnostic figure Abraxas.[36]
    While modern scholars and the Oxford English Dictionary[37] state that the origin of the name Baphomet was a probable Old French version of "Mahomet",[18][31] alternative etymologies have also been proposed.
    According to Pierre Klossowski in Le Baphomet (1965, Editions Mercure de France, Paris; translated into English by Sophie Hawkes and published as The Baphomet in 1988 by Eridanos Press): "The Baphomet has diverse etymologies… the three phonemes that constitute the denomination are also said to signify, in coded fashion, Basileus philosophorum metaloricum: the sovereign of metallurgical philosophers, that is, of the alchemical laboratories that were supposedly established in various chapters of the Temple. The androgynous nature of the figure apparently goes back to the Adam Kadmon of the Chaldeans, which one finds in the Zohar" (pages 164–165).
    In the 18th century, speculative theories arose that sought to tie the Knights Templar with the origins of Freemasonry.[38] Bookseller, Freemason and Illuminatus[39] Christoph Friedrich Nicolai (1733–1811), in Versuch über die Beschuldigungen welche dem Tempelherrenorden gemacht worden, und über dessen Geheimniß (1782), was the first to claim that the Templars were Gnostics, and that "Baphomet" was formed from the Greek words βαφη μητȢς, baphe metous, to mean Taufe der Weisheit, "Baptism of Wisdom".[40] Nicolai "attached to it the idea of the image of the supreme God, in the state of quietude attributed to him by the Manichaean Gnostics", according to F. J. M. Raynouard, and "supposed that the Templars had a secret doctrine and initiations of several grades" which "the Saracens had communicated ... to them."[41] He further connected the figura Baffometi with the pentagram of Pythagoras:
    What properly was the sign of the Baffomet, 'figura Baffometi,' which was depicted on the breast of the bust representing the Creator, cannot be exactly determined ... I believe it to have been the Pythagorean pentagon (Fünfeck) of health and prosperity: ... It is well known how holy this figure was considered, and that the Gnostics had much in common with the Pythagoreans. From the prayers which the soul shall recite, according to the diagram of the Ophite-worshippers, when they on their return to God are stopped by the Archons, and their purity has to be examined, it appears that these serpent-worshippers believed they must produce a token that they had been clean on earth. I believe that this token was also the holy pentagon, the sign of their initiation (τελειας βαφης μετεος).[42]
    Émile Littré (1801–1881) in Dictionnaire de la langue francaise asserted that the word was cabalistically formed by writing backward tem. o. h. p. ab, an abbreviation of templi omnium hominum pacis abbas, 'abbot' or 'father of the temple of peace of all men.' His source is the "Abbé Constant", which is to say, Alphonse-Louis Constant, the real name of Eliphas Levi.[citation needed]
    Hugh J. Schonfield (1901–1988),[43] one of the scholars who worked on the Dead Sea Scrolls, argued in his book The Essene Odyssey that the word "Baphomet" was created with knowledge of the Atbash substitution cipher, which substitutes the first letter of the Hebrew alphabet for the last, the second for the second last, and so on. "Baphomet" rendered in Hebrew is בפומת (bpwmt); interpreted using Atbash, it becomes שופיא (šwpy‘, "Shofya'"), which can be interpreted as the Greek word "Sophia", meaning wisdom. This theory is an important part of the plot of the novel The Da Vinci Code.

    Joseph Freiherr von Hammer-Purgstall

    Joseph von Hammer-Purgstall (1774–1856) associated a series of carved or engraved figures found on a number of supposed 13th-century Templar artifacts (such as cups, bowls and coffers) with the Baphometic idol.
    In 1818, the name Baphomet appeared in the essay by the Viennese Orientalist Joseph Freiherr von Hammer-Purgstall, Mysterium Baphometis revelatum, seu Fratres Militiæ Templi, qua Gnostici et quidem Ophiani, Apostasiæ, Idoloduliæ et Impuritatis convicti, per ipsa eorum Monumenta[44] ("Discovery of the Mystery of Baphomet, by which the Knights Templars, like the Gnostics and Ophites, are convicted of Apostasy, of Idolatry and of moral Impurity, by their own Monuments"), which presented an elaborate pseudohistory constructed to discredit Templarist Masonry and, by extension, Freemasonry.[45] Following Nicolai, he argued, using as archaeological evidence "Baphomets" faked by earlier scholars and literary evidence such as the Grail romances, that the Templars were Gnostics and the "Templars' head" was a Gnostic idol called Baphomet.
    His chief subject is the images which are called Baphomet ... found in several museums and collections of antiquities, as in Weimar ... and in the imperial cabinet in Vienna. These little images are of stone, partly hermaphrodites, having, generally, two heads or two faces, with a beard, but, in other respects, female figures, most of them accompanied by serpents, the sun and moon, and other strange emblems, and bearing many inscriptions, mostly in Arabic ... The inscriptions he reduces almost all to Mete[, which] ... is, according to him, not the Μητις of the Greeks, but the Sophia, Achamot Prunikos of the Ophites, which was represented half man, half woman, as the symbol of wisdom, unnatural voluptuousness and the principle of sensuality ... He asserts that those small figures are such as the Templars, according to the statement of a witness, carried with them in their coffers. Baphomet signifies Βαφη Μητεος, baptism of Metis, baptism of fire,[46] or the Gnostic baptism, an enlightening of the mind, which, however, was interpreted by the Ophites, in an obscene sense, as fleshly union ... the fundamental assertion, that those idols and cups came from the Templars, has been considered as unfounded, especially as the images known to have existed among the Templars seem rather to be images of saints.[47]
    Hammer's essay did not pass unchallenged, and F. J. M. Raynouard published an "Etude sur 'Mysterium Baphometi revelatum'" in Journal des savants the following year.[48] Charles William King criticized Hammer saying he had been deceived by "the paraphernalia of ... Rosicrucian or alchemical quacks,"[49] and Peter Partner agreed that the images "may have been forgeries from the occultist workshops."[50] At the very least, there was little evidence to tie them to the Knights Templar—in the 19th century some European museums acquired such pseudo-Egyptian objects,[citation needed] which were cataloged as "Baphomets" and credulously thought to have been idols of the Templars.[51]

    Éliphas Lévi

    Androgyne of Heinrich Khunrath, Amphitheatrum Sapientiae Aeternae.
    Later in the 19th century, the name of Baphomet became further associated with the occult. Éliphas Lévi published Dogme et Rituel de la Haute Magie ("Dogma and Rituals of High Magic") as two volumes (Dogme 1854, Rituel 1856), in which he included an image he had drawn himself which he described as Baphomet and "The Sabbatic Goat", showing a winged humanoid goat with a pair of breasts and a torch on its head between its horns (illustration, top). This image has become the best-known representation of Baphomet. Lévi considered the Baphomet to be a depiction of the absolute in symbolic form and explicated in detail his symbolism in the drawing that served as the frontispiece:
    The goat on the frontispiece carries the sign of the pentagram on the forehead, with one point at the top, a symbol of light, his two hands forming the sign of occultism, the one pointing up to the white moon of Chesed, the other pointing down to the black one of Geburah. This sign expresses the perfect harmony of mercy with justice. His one arm is female, the other male like the ones of the androgyne of Khunrath, the attributes of which we had to unite with those of our goat because he is one and the same symbol. The flame of intelligence shining between his horns is the magic light of the universal balance, the image of the soul elevated above matter, as the flame, whilst being tied to matter, shines above it. The beast's head expresses the horror of the sinner, whose materially acting, solely responsible part has to bear the punishment exclusively; because the soul is insensitive according to its nature and can only suffer when it materializes. The rod standing instead of genitals symbolizes eternal life, the body covered with scales the water, the semi-circle above it the atmosphere, the feathers following above the volatile. Humanity is represented by the two breasts and the androgyne arms of this sphinx of the occult sciences.[52]

    Witches' Sabbath

    Lévi's depiction of Baphomet is similar to that of The Devil in the early Tarot.[53] Lévi, working with correspondences different from those later used by S. L. MacGregor Mathers, "equated the Devil Tarot key with Mercury," giving "his figure Mercury's caduceus, rising like a phallus from his groin."[54]
    Lévi believed that the alleged devil worship of the medieval Witches' Sabbath was a perpetuation of ancient pagan rites. A goat with a candle between its horns appears in medieval witchcraft records,[55] and other pieces of lore are cited in Dogme et Rituel.
    Le Diable, from the early-18th-century Tarot of Marseilles by Jean Dodal.
    Below this figure we read a frank and simple inscription—THE DEVIL. Yes, we confront here that phantom of all terrors, the dragon of all theogenies, the Ahriman of the Persians, the Typhon of the Egyptians, the Python of the Greeks, the old serpent of the Hebrews, the fantastic monster, the nightmare, the Croquemitaine, the gargoyle, the great beast of the Middle Ages, and—worse than all these—the Baphomet of the Templars, the bearded idol of the alchemist, the obscene deity of Mendes, the goat of the Sabbath. The frontispiece to this 'Ritual' reproduces the exact figure of the terrible emperor of night, with all his attributes and all his characters.... Yes, in our profound conviction, the Grand Masters of the Order of Templars worshipped the Baphomet, and caused it to be worshipped by their initiates; yes, there existed in the past, and there may be still in the present, assemblies which are presided over by this figure, seated on a throne and having a flaming torch between the horns. But the adorers of this sign do not consider, as do we, that it is a representation of the devil; on the contrary, for them it is that of the god Pan, the god of our modern schools of philosophy, the god of the Alexandrian theurgic school and of our own mystical Neoplatonists, the god of Lamartine and Victor Cousin, the god of Spinoza and Plato, the god of the primitive Gnostic schools; the Christ also of the dissident priesthood.... The mysteries of the Sabbath have been variously described, but they figure always in grimoires and in magical trials; the revelations made on the subject may be classified under three heads—1. those referring to a fantastic and imaginary Sabbath; 2. those which betray the secrets of the occult assemblies of veritable adepts; 3. revelations of foolish and criminal gatherings, having for their object the operations of black magic.[56]
    Lévi's Baphomet, for all its modern fame, does not match the historical descriptions from the Templar trials, although it may also have been partly inspired by grotesque carvings on the Templar churches of Lanleff in Brittany and Saint-Merri in Paris, which depict squatting bearded men with bat wings, female breasts, horns and the shaggy hindquarters of a beast,[57][unreliable source] as well as Eugène Viollet-le-Duc's vivid gargoyles that were added to Notre-Dame de Paris about the same time as Lévi's illustration.[citation needed]

    Contemporary context of socialism, romanticism, and magnetism

    Lévi's references to the School of Alexandria and the Templars can be explained against the background of debates about the origins and character of true Christianity. It has been pointed out that these debates included contemporary forms of Romantic Socialism, or Utopian Socialism, which were seen as the heirs of the Gnostics, Templars, and other mystics. Lévi, being himself an adherent of these schools since the 1840s, regarded the socialists and Romantics (such as Lamartine) as the successors of this alleged tradition of true religion. In fact, his narrative mirrors historiographies of socialism, including the Histoire des Montagnards (1847) by his best friend and political comrade Alphonse Esquiros. Consequently, the Baphomet is depicted by Lévi as the symbol of a revolutionary heretical tradition that would soon lead to the "emancipation of humanity" and the establishment of a perfect social order.[7]
    In Lévi's writings, the Baphomet does not only express a historical-political tradition, but also occult natural forces that are explained by his magical theory of the Astral Light. He developed this notion in the context of what has been called "spiritualist magnetism": theories that stressed the religious implications of magnetism. Often, their representatives were socialists that believed in the social consequences of a "synthesis" of religion and science that was to be achieved by the means of magnetism.[7] Spiritualist magnetists with a socialist background include the Baron du Potet and Henri Delaage, who served as main sources for Lévi. At the same time, Lévi polemicized against famed Catholic authors such as Jules-Eudes de Mirville and Roger Gougenot des Mousseaux who regarded magnetism as the workings of demons and other infernal powers.[7] The paragraph just before the passage cited in the previous section has to be seen against this background:
    Let us state now for the edification of the vulgar, for the satisfaction of M. le Comte de Mirville, for the justification of the demonologist Bodin, for the greater glory of the Church, which persecuted Templars, burnt magicians, excommunicated Freemasons, &c. let us state boldly and precisely that all the inferior initiates of the occult sciences and profaners of the great arcanum, not only did in the past, but do now, and will ever, adore what is signified by this alarming symbol.[58]

    Goat of Mendes

    Banebdjedet
    Lévi called his image "The Goat of Mendes", possibly following Herodotus' account[59] that the god of Mendes — the Greek name for Djedet, Egypt — was depicted with a goat's face and legs. Herodotus relates how all male goats were held in great reverence by the Mendesians, and how in his time a woman publicly copulated with a goat.[59][60] E. A. Wallis Budge writes,
    At several places in the Delta, e.g. Hermopolis, Lycopolis, and Mendes, the god Pan and a goat were worshipped; Strabo, quoting (xvii. 1, 19) Pindar, says that in these places goats had intercourse with women, and Herodotus (ii. 46) instances a case which was said to have taken place in the open day. The Mendisians, according to this last writer, paid reverence to all goats, and more to the males than to the females, and particularly to one he-goat, on the death of which public mourning is observed throughout the whole Mendesian district; they call both Pan and the goat Mendes, and both were worshipped as gods of generation and fecundity. Diodorus[61] compares the cult of the goat of Mendes with that of Priapus, and groups the god with the Pans and the Satyrs. The goat referred to by all these writers is the famous Mendean Ram, or Ram of Mendes, the cult of which was, according to Manetho, established by Kakau, a king of the second dynasty.[62]
    Historically, the deity that was venerated at Egyptian Mendes was a ram deity, Banebdjedet (literally Ba of the lord of djed, and titled "the Lord of Mendes"), who was the soul of Osiris. Lévi combined the images of the Tarot of Marseilles Devil card and refigured the ram Banebdjed as a he-goat, further imagined by him as "copulator in Anep and inseminator in the district of Mendes".[citation needed]

    Aleister Crowley

    The Baphomet of Lévi was to become an important figure within the cosmology of Thelema, the mystical system established by Aleister Crowley in the early 20th century. Baphomet features in the Creed of the Gnostic Catholic Church recited by the congregation in The Gnostic Mass, in the sentence: "And I believe in the Serpent and the Lion, Mystery of Mysteries, in His name BAPHOMET."[63]
    In Magick (Book 4), Crowley asserted that Baphomet was a divine androgyne and "the hieroglyph of arcane perfection": seen as that which reflects. "What occurs above so reflects below, or As above so below,"
    The Devil does not exist. It is a false name invented by the Black Brothers to imply a Unity in their ignorant muddle of dispersions. A devil who had unity would be a God... 'The Devil' is, historically, the God of any people that one personally dislikes... This serpent, SATAN, is not the enemy of Man, but He who made Gods of our race, knowing Good and Evil; He bade 'Know Thyself!' and taught Initiation. He is 'The Devil' of The Book of Thoth, and His emblem is BAPHOMET, the Androgyne who is the hieroglyph of arcane perfection... He is therefore Life, and Love. But moreover his letter is ayin, the Eye, so that he is Light; and his Zodiacal image is Capricornus, that leaping goat whose attribute is Liberty.[64]
    For Crowley, Baphomet is further a representative of the spiritual nature of the spermatozoa while also being symbolic of the "magical child" produced as a result of sex magic.[65] As such, Baphomet represents the Union of Opposites, especially as mystically personified in Chaos and Babalon combined and biologically manifested with the sperm and egg united in the zygote.[citation needed]
    Crowley proposed that Baphomet was derived from "Father Mithras". In his Confessions he describes the circumstances that led to this etymology:[66]
    I had taken the name Baphomet as my motto in the O.T.O. For six years and more I had tried to discover the proper way to spell this name. I knew that it must have eight letters, and also that the numerical and literal correspondences must be such as to express the meaning of the name in such a way as to confirm what scholarship had found out about it, and also to clear up those problems which archaeologists had so far failed to solve ... One theory of the name is that it represents the words βαφὴ μήτεος, the baptism of wisdom; another, that it is a corruption of a title meaning "Father Mithras". Needless to say, the suffix R supported the latter theory. I added up the word as spelt by the Wizard. It totalled 729. This number had never appeared in my Cabbalistic working and therefore meant nothing to me. It however justified itself as being the cube of nine. The word κηφας, the mystic title given by Christ to Peter as the cornerstone of the Church, has this same value. So far, the Wizard had shown great qualities! He had cleared up the etymological problem and shown why the Templars should have given the name Baphomet to their so-called idol. Baphomet was Father Mithras, the cubical stone which was the corner of the Temple.

    Modern interpretations and usage

    Lévi's Baphomet is the source of the later Tarot image of the Devil in the Rider-Waite design.[5] The concept of a downward-pointing pentagram on its forehead was enlarged upon by Lévi in his discussion (without illustration) of the Goat of Mendes arranged within such a pentagram, which he contrasted with the microcosmic man arranged within a similar but upright pentagram.[67] The actual image of a goat in a downward-pointing pentagram first appeared in the 1897 book La Clef de la Magie Noire by Stanislas de Guaita.[68] It was this image that was later adopted as the official symbol—called the Sigil of Baphomet—of the Church of Satan, and continues to be used among Satanists.[69]
    Promotional poster for Léo Taxil, Les Mystères de la franc-maçonnerie dévoilés (1886), adapts Lévi's invention.
    Baphomet, as Lévi's illustration suggests, has occasionally been portrayed as a synonym of Satan or a demon, a member of the hierarchy of Hell. Baphomet appears in that guise as a character in James Blish's The Day After Judgment.[70] Christian evangelist Jack T. Chick claimed that Baphomet is a demon worshipped by Freemasons,[71] a claim that apparently originated with the Taxil hoax. Léo Taxil's elaborate hoax employed a version of Lévi's Baphomet on the cover of Les Mystères de la franc-maçonnerie dévoilés, his lurid paperback "exposé" of Freemasonry, which in 1897 he revealed as a hoax intended to ridicule the Catholic Church and its anti-Masonic propaganda.[72][73]
    In 2014 The Satanic Temple commissioned an 8 1/2 foot statue of Baphomet to stand alongside a monument of the Ten Commandments at Oklahoma State Capitol,[74] citing "respect for diversity and religious minorities" as reasons for erecting the monument.[75] After the Ten Commandments monument was vandalized plans to erect the Baphomet statue were put on hold as the Satanic Temple did not want their statue to stand alone by the Oklahoma capitol.[76] The Oklahoma Supreme Court declared all religious displays illegal[77] and on 25 July 2015 the statue was erected near a warehouse in Detroit, as a symbol of the modern Satanist movement.[78][79] On August 16, 2018 the Satanic Temple unveiled a Baphomet statue in Little Rock, Arkansas, where another 10 Commandments monument had been installed in 2017, citing the First Amendment to the United States Constitution.[80]
    Baphomet appears in Dungeons & Dragons as a powerful demon lord, and is also known as the "Horned King", or the "Prince of Beasts". Baphomet is followed by minotaurs and other savage creatures. He desires the end of civilizations so all creatures may embrace their most basic, brutal instincts. He is described as a massive, black minotaur, with blood around his mouth and red eyes. He wears an iron crown topped with the heads of his enemies, along with spiked armor. He wields a huge glaive, named "Heartcleaver", but commonly fights with his hooves, claws, and horns. He rules of the 600th layer of The Abyss, known as the "Endless Maze", and is the sworn enemy of Yeenoghu, another demon lord.
    Baphomet also serves as the main antagonist in the PC game Tristania 3D, and is the worshipped deity of the evil Courbée Dominate society. The game's storyline describes in depth that in fact Philip IV of France was the one who had worshipped Baphomet, not the Knights Templar, and he deliberately eradicated the entire order to make sure this secret would remain undiscovered. In the last level, the protagonist must enter the afterlife to seek out and defeat Baphomet, however, he is protected by the shadows of his fallen worshippers in the previous levels, along with the ghost of Evil Empress and the protagonist's former accomplice, Evil Twirl. The game depicts Baphomet very close to the original, except that it has a male torso, and dragon-like wings as opposed to feathered ones. Baphomet's main attack is a lethal wall of fire which causes severe damage, and can be manifested in rapid successions. Baphomet also can turn himself invisible during his attack periods. Successfully defeating him shall win the game, albeit it is noted that defeating him does not mean he is killed.
    An interpretation of Baphomet, referred to as The Sword of Baphomet, forms part of the main plot in the 1996 point-and-click adventure game developed by Revolution Software, Broken Sword: The Shadow of the Templars. It is the first game in the Broken Sword series. The player assumes the role of George Stobbart, an American tourist in Paris, as he attempts to unravel a conspiracy much of which is influenced by and includes factual and fictional references and narrative devices relating to the History of the Knights Templar.
    In the popular PC video game Doom II: Hell on Earth, in the final mission "Icon of Sin", the titular antagonist has a look similar to that of early depictions of Baphomet.
    In July 2015 YouTube star and singer Poppy depicted the deity in the music video for her single "Lowlife". Poppy can be seen imitating the famous pose of Baphomet.
    The 2018 Netflix series Chilling Adventures of Sabrina has a large statue of Baphomet displayed at the Academy of Unseen Arts. The Satanic Temple has accused the show of plagiarizing their depiction of Baphomet, though later settled out of court.[81]

     

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